Puerta de España

Jardines del Buen Retiro

This gate serves as a link between the Paseo de la Argentina or the Paseo de las Estatuas of the Parque del Retiro and Calle de Antonio Maura, after crossing Alfonso XII. Its composition is similar to that of the nearby Puerta de la Independencia or Puerta del Casino, although its Doric order was exchanged for the Ionic and the carved decorations were increased. It is composed of three openings, the central one being larger and all closed with metal railings, and four large pillars of mixed construction, with interior brick and exterior stone, exquisitely adorned. The two central openings comprise a base, two free-standing columns of the Ionic order facing the street and pilasters of the same style facing the Park, on a dressed backdrop, entablature and a semicircular pediment.

Its style is eclectic, with mouldings in the middle of the shaft and pediments crowned by pine cones. The central opening is closed by three double forged metal gates: the middle one is the highest and is crowned with an arch and the coat of arms of Madrid in bronze, and with a placard on its lintel that reads PARQUE DE MADRID. The end pillars are simpler, with an Ionic column and their corresponding back pillar facing the Retiro, crowned by a hipped roof and two pine cones. The side openings only have double metal gates.

Puerta de España photograph, taken by Antonello Dellanotte

© Antonello Dellanotte